Parrot, I am smart and I can Talk!

There is a famous folklore that once a king was walking in his garden and suddenly heard voice of a man coming from a nearby tree. He saw that there was nobody there while the voice still could be heard. He called his soldiers and asked them to investigate for any possible threat, he found out that this sound of a man was none other than a parrot. The king liked its voice and as a ‘reward’ imprisoned him in the royal cage.

(a ring-necked parakeet from India/Pakistan is enjoying fruit)

Parrots have more than 350 species and are collectively divided into two groups:

1. Old world parrots

2. New world parrots

Distribution

Old world parrots are found in Asia, Africa and Europe. Columbas also wrote about New World Parrots in his book. New world parrots are found in South America, Central America, West America and in its northern part where only 1 species is found.

It is a bird of tropical forest where the temperature is high and usually rain falls heavily throughout the year. When it comes to tropics, the countries like Australia, Indonesia, South America, and some Asian and African countries are included.

The largest number of parrots in the world are found in Australia about 56 species. The Australian little parrots we see at home are from Australia and are called Budgerigar. They are identified by the Cere on their noses.

(budgerigars are commonly kept as pets in asia)

Physical features of budgerigars

The female’s cere is brown while in male, it is blue. In addition, small spots are found on their face and body. In fact, in the wild, males and females recognize each other using these features. Parrots have sharper eyes than us and can see UV light, which we cannot see. The UV light is reflected from their bodies so that these males and females can recognize each other even in such a dense forest.

Classification of parrots

Due to the high variety, parrots are divided into different groups:

1. Parakeets:

These are parrots whose tails are equal to or slightly longer than their bodies. It is a group of many parrots. Australian birds and green parrots found in Pakistan and India also belong to this group.Pakistani green parrots are Rose Ringed Parakeets. As soon as the male enters puberty, black and pink rings begin to form around neck. While in females, it does not form, but even if it does, it will turn a light grey color. The female lays three to five eggs, which takes approximately 23 days to hatch.

(ring-necked parrots are an example of parakeets, this is a male)

2. Macaws:

These are very large and tall parrots that are found in dense trees in South and Central America, especially in Mexico and Brazil. These are often seen with photographers or with sellers at shopping malls. The female lays one to five eggs a year.

(The scarlet macaw is found in central and south america)

3. Cockatoo:

These are fabulous parrots and their special identity is having a crown on their head. They are found in the islands of Indonesia, Australia and New Zealand. There are 21 species of these parrots.

It is a very intelligent bird with common sense. It knows how to find food and seeds using things as tools. Its beak is made of a special type of protein called keratin that is epidermal in origin and is of the same composition as our nails.

(The white cockatoo is found in indonesia. this species is endangered now)

A parrot can speaks like a human by using muscles named Syrinx. These muscles along with the tongue help to produce sounds like humans. This phenomenon is known as mimicry. It can also copy and mimic other animals. It does so to warn other animals not to attack him. it also mimics to let the females know he is the real king of the area and knows the area better so can protect them better.

(Black palm cockatoo are found in new guinea. They are very hard to tame)

. Facts about parrots

• The parrots are often seen eating small rocks or stones; it is because they need minerals and salts. If you see them swallowing small pebbles, it is because these pebbles go into their stomachs and serve as teeth and grind and digest the hard seeds they have eaten. These stones are called Gizzard Stones.

• The parrot is the only bird in the world that holds something with its feet and eats it. Its tongue is a strong muscle which acts as an alternative to hand.

• Parrots are very social birds. They like to live in a group called Flock. These groups help them to protect from predators, and also aid them to find food, and find a matting partner.

• The parrot is said to be an unfaithful bird. When it is freed, it flies away. Animals do not have the same emotions as humans, and their emotions and consciousness is very limited. So it is a bird of the dense forest, and if it finds such an environment, it will fly away.

(Coconut Lorikeets are enjoying lunch, they are found in indonesia and surrouding islands)

Do parrots bite?

If a parrot is angry, it will stretch up tall or crouch into an attack position or it may sharply flick its tail or spread its wings to make and show itself appear larger and more threatening.

Does green chili sharpen the parrot’s brain? ( a common myth in Asia)

This is not true, but green chili contains vitamin A and C which are good for its health. Parrot love to eat seeds, vegetables, fruits, and insects. But keep them away from apple seeds, chocolates, milk, spices, and onions.

(parrots use tree holes and burros, cliff holes as a nest)

How to make them talk like us?

A parrot talks if it adapts to its surroundings. So, have a friendly atmosphere for him. When he screams, come closer to him, give him something to eat and talk. Keep sentences short and words clear. And in response, if it just screams, still be happy and give it something to eat. When it begins to realize that it is rewarding, it will begin to remember your sentences. The most talkative parrots in the world are the Gray Parrots of Africa. A grey parrot named Alex was highly intelligent and it even knew many forms of geometry, names of many colors, counting up to six, the difference between small and large things, and also knew more than a hundred words. It was trained by Irene Pepperberg, who was the famous animal psychologist.

(Alex with its trainer Irene pepperberg)

However, there is a parrot in the world that cannot fly. It is called Kakapo and is found in New Zealand. It weighs about four kilograms and is the heaviest parrot in the world, while the largest is the Brazilian Hyacinth Macaw, which can grow up to 3.5 feet. The smallest parrot is the pygmy parrot of the Indonesian island of New Guinea, barely three to four inches long.

(kakapo is a flightless parrot found in New Zealand)

This is a bird of the free dense forest. Don’t imprison it, but plant the trees and set natural habitat for it. As parrot likes to live in a tropical forests, so plant bananas, papayas, mangoes and watermelons. A man from Chennai, India, feeds thousands of parrots daily with boiled rice on long planks and does not imprison a single one.

(Hyacinath Macaws are the world’s largest parrots)

Life span

As they inhabit tropical forests, they are often preyed upon by monkeys, cats, snakes and eagles. If all these dangers are avoided, they will reach the age of 20 to 82 years.

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